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您的当前位置:首页 > 托福 > 托福写作 > 手把手教你6个步骤写出真正的托福高分作文——看懂托福写作题目是有多么的重要

手把手教你6个步骤写出真正的托福高分作文——看懂托福写作题目是有多么的重要

发布时间:2017-02-07 23:32:00 关注量:742次

其实很多不擅长作文的同学们存在的问题都有惊人的类似点,改几个人的作文就能归纳出相同的突出问题:

1,审题不到位,导致后面展开论述不贴和题目甚至跑题。

2,第一段主题段不知道怎么展开。

3,为了追求高大上的句型错误连篇,尤其是第一段的开篇(强调第一段是因为一上来你就有语法错误,根本藏不住!分数自然低!)

4,不知道怎么展开1+3+1中的3段论述,不会举例子!!

5,论述不完整!!!(很严重!)

大家作文中几乎都存在这几个问题,但其中最重要的,是破题!!!

我个人认为,同时很多托福雅思老师也认为,作文其实是最简单最容易提高分数的一项!因为这是应试作文!有固定的模式!!绝对能够短期提分数!!

我现在以两个题目,跟大家说一下独立作文到底怎么写,其中最重要的是怎么破题!!!

例文:Teacher should assign homework to students everyday?

1第一步:解构题目
主语:Teacher . 动词:assign homework 受方:students 方式(how):everyday
拿到题目,迅速在脑海中按照主语、动词、谓语和方式四个关键词解构题目。本题一个should,暗含的意思是,是否beneficial,是否good。
Pt笔记:这就是为什么大部分含should的题目我们都称之为“利弊题”,因为这种题目都可以通过找利弊的方法来破题。如果should do,就是因为有好处;如果should not do,就是因为有坏处。

破题关键词的意思是:在下面的展开论述中,每一个词都不能落下!!!!!比如上题,你就不能落了everyday。同时,不要自己发散关键词的意思!!(比如,不要把everyday等同于too much!!因为题目中只是说每天布置作业,并不意味着每天的量都很大。如果你想从everyday= too much来这个角度展开思路,你要落在纸面上。不能默认!)

这题有两种角度可以切入,从teacher的角度,比如,每天布置作业加大了老师的工作量,老师过度疲劳,所以不应该;从students的角度,每天做作业导致压力过大,过度疲劳,对学习失去兴趣,所以不应该。
所以,这个题目,从切入点写,我们可以有三种方式,分别是:
1,should not。对老师非常不好。
2,should not。对学生非常不好。
3,should not。对学生和老师都不好。
选择相反的should的切入点,亦然。

2第二步:选择立场。
Agree or disagree?
在最短的时间内,在脑海中迅速的过一遍两种观点,看哪一种更好写。如果你在选择立场时不能立刻想出两个可以展开的观点,就立刻选择相反的立场。

更好写的意思是:
1.能够写出三个支持观点。
2.能够写出例子。
比如,拿到这个题目,我第一反应就是,应该!!!第一反应就是选择对学生好。

3第三步:开始敲字。
1,第一段写法:
A.选择好立场,把题目改写后直接敲在屏幕上。I agree that the teacher should assign homework to students every day.
可以改写的方式:
I agree that teacher should assign homework to students daily.
I believe that assigning homework by teacher to students is of great benefits.
I hold that students can gain a lot by doing homework every day.
大家可以看出,不管怎样的主题句改写,四个已经解构的关键词都不能舍弃!!!
开头转述的方法包括【同义转换】【变换词性】【变换表达】
【同义转换】every day和daily是同义词,意思和词性都相同
【变换词性】should, it is good和is of great benefits意思相同,词性不同

B.然后在前面加背景句子。这里的背景句子,一定是你以前已经背下来的万能开头句子了,看大量满分作文后,总结出适合自己的万能开头句。一定要保证句子百分之一百正确!!!开头的错误会让判卷人很反感。

给大家举几个我背诵下来的万能背景句:
1/ Nowadays, the Internet has vastly increased global interaction as well as our knowledge of societies around the world. Isolation is not possible for any nation-physically, economically, environmentally.
2/ Today's society is much more diverse, complex, pluralistic and swiftly changeable than ever before, making every social member a sailor driving on the sea under complex weather condition.
3/ The world's movie industry has witnessed unprecedented boom in recent years. Delighted by an ample supply of excellent material, people all around the world are thankful for the combined efforts by workers.
开头并不是一篇文章的核心,这里有自己的模式和套路OK,这也是形成个人行文风格的一种。

然后直接改写关键词就可以。比如套用本题:
Today's society is much more diverse, complex and swiftly changeable than ever before, making every social member a sailor driving on the sea under complex weather condition. Thus, teachers are more likely to assign homework every day to prepare students better for the highly competitive society.
想得高分者必须换词!

C. 在考试状态下,我敲完以上就进入下一步骤了。
1. You should introduce opinions from both sides before introducing your own opinion. 做出选择前,briefly state with "some people advocate that...while others believe...
2. You should further develop your topic sentence by introducing the benefits of your choice or the reason for your choice.观点阐述完毕后,要发展一下,讲讲by doing this...或者that is because...然后再上案例上论证。”

所以,如果完成全文写作后如果时间还剩余很多,可以把以上两点加上。比如此题:
Some people hold that doing homework every day lays a heavy burden on the studentswhile others believe it is pretty beneficial. In my opinion, I advocate that~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ because doing homework every day can help students to XXXXXXX(三个观点简写罗列展开)
八股开头有的人认为,有的认为,我认为。请一定要给出信号词:我认为In my opinion, From my perspective之类的说法!

4第四步:依次敲入分论点的段落主题句+结论。
这样先敲好的好处是——保证三段论结构完整,不至于敲着敲着来不及了。注意使用Firstly,secondly,last but not least;或者first of all,moreover,in addition,或者其他类型的。必用!!——Pt笔记:这些都是极其重要的逻辑linker!

举例:
写法1:
Topic Sentence:同意。
Argument1: Doing homework everyday reinforces what have learned during class, thus doing good to students' performance.——理由主旨句1
Argument2: Doing homework everyday forces students to form the habit of dealing time wisely, which is of great importance for further career.——理由主旨句2
Argument3:Doing homework everyday reminds students of their main task, that is academic study.——理由主旨句3
Conclusion: Teachers' assigning homework everyday will benefit students in many respects, so I totally agree.——总结句

写法2:
Topic Sentence:不同意。
Argument1: Doing homework everyday forces students to be occupied by study tasks and takes too much spare time, thus harming well-rounded development of students.
Argument2: Doing homework everyday discourages students to study positively and actively and reduces their interest of self-study.
Argument3:Doing homework everyday harms the harmonious relationship between teachers and students.
Conclusion: Teachers' assigning homework everyday will undermine students in many respects, so I totally disagree.

基本上,十分钟过去后,屏幕上你就已经打完我上面列出的这些东西+完整开头了。

5第五步:填充三个段落,完整论述每一个观点!
几种方式,牢记于心!!
1,举生活中的事例,“每个人心中都有一个小明”
比如:每天做作业有利于加深记忆。Take my friend, Xiaoming as an example. His teacher used to assign homework every day and he benefited a lot from this. He used to be poor at memorizing all the equations and notions when learning Maths. One of the reasons lays that his previous math teacher had never assigned any homework after class, thus, he lacked practice. As we all know, practice makes perfect. However, his new teacher completely changed the way of assigning homework into a daily manner. By doing homework every day, Xiaoming made faster progress in learning Maths.
这种举例,只要一步一步完整论述完事实,就成了~
身边的例子最精彩!千万不要觉得low!平实的语言就很好!

2, 利用谚语、名言和名人事例展开。
一般格式是,谁谁once said+名言+(他的)事例展开+你自己的总结。
而不是!!直接把名言说出来就完了!!
比如:台上一分钟台下十年功。如果你要用这个名言,那就这样写. As an old Chinese sayings goes, one minute's performance on the stage and ten years' practise off the stage. This means that If we want to achieve the best result, we have to do tremendous practice day by day. Thus, doing homework every day can help students acquire the knowledge firmly.
在利用名言的展开中,以上三句话,几乎是缺一不可的,只能更多,不能更少!否则论述很难完整。注意连接词的运用,this means 和thus~~

3,利用调查、研究展开。
一般格式是,有一个报纸,机构或者什么做了个调查,调查方式是,调查人群是,结果是,百分比是......所以,表明了每天做作业很好。

6第六步:检查!
一般敲完文章,还有3分钟时间检查。
平时练习一般能够打到500到600字,但实际考试只来得及写400+,因为会脑袋短路,展开就没那么顺利了。但正好也有时间检查,快速浏览一遍,把小错误改掉~ 基本就结束了。
任何人都不可能一次做到全对,一定要留时间检查啊!

这篇文章是由通途国际英语Lorraine老师为您带的,手把手教你6个步骤写出真正的托福高分作文,从文章中能看出审查托福写作题目是非常重要的,希望这篇文章对你的托福备考能有所帮助。