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雅思写作 -- 小作文必备词汇!

发布时间:2020-01-15 11:16:04 关注量:1391次


雅思写作-小作文必备词汇!


首先,一篇完整的雅思小作文分为开头,主体段,结尾段。


开头段具体的写法就是讲题干中的信息进行改写。改写方法主要有替换动词以及句型。

通常句型为The +图表类型+ 动词+描述部分。


图表类

diagram / table / figure / illustration / graph / chart / flow chart / picture/ presentation / pie chart / bar graph / column graph / line graph / table data/ data / information / pictorial / process diagram / map / pie chart and table/ bar graph and pie chart


动词

shows / represents / depicts / enumerates / illustrates / presents / gives / provides / delineate / outlines/ describes / delineates / expresses / denotes / compares / shows contrast / indicates / figures / gives data on / gives information on / presents information about / shows data about / demonstrates / sketch out / summarises...


描述部分

the comparison of… / the differences… / the changes... / the number of… / information on… / data on… / the proportion of… / the amount of/ data about... / comparative data... / the trend of.../ the percentages of... / the ratio of... / how the...


主体段

主体段需要图形进行具体的数据分析。通常要描述 when / what / where + 数据分析+趋势分析 。


趋势类词汇

上升(动词):increase / rise / go up / uplift / rocket(ed) / climb / upsurge / soar / improve

上升(名词):a rise / an increase / an upward trend / a growth / a leap / a jump / an improvement / a climb

下降(动词):fall / decrease / decline / plummet / plunge / drop / reduce / collapse / deterioriate / dip

下降(名词):a fall / a decrease / a reduction / a downward trends /a downward tendency / a decline/ a drop

趋势稳定(动词):unchanged / level out / remain constant / remain steady / plateau / remain the same / remain stable / remain static

趋势稳定(名词):a steadiness / a plateau / a stability / a static

逐渐增加(名词):an upward trend / an upward tendency / a ceiling trend


变化类词汇

快速变化(副词):dramatically / rapidly / sharply / quickly / hurriedly / speedily / swiftly / significantly / considerably / substantioally

快速变化(形容词):dramatic / rapid / sharp / quick / hurried / speedy / swift / significant / considerable / substantial / noticable

稳健变化(副词):moderately / gradually / progressively / sequentially

稳健变化(形容词):moderate / gradual / progressive / sequential

轻微变化(副词):slightly / slowly / mildly / tediously

轻微变化(形容词):slight / slow / mild / tedious


百分比类词汇

分数 Fractions:

4% = A tiny fraction

24% = Almost a quarter

25% = Exactly a quarter

26% = Roughly one quarter

32% = Nearly one-third, nearly a third

49% = Around a half, just under a half

50% = Exactly a half

51% = Just over a half

73% = Nearly three quarters

77% = Approximately three quarter, more than three-quarter

79% = Well over three quarters


比例Proportions:

2% = A tiny portion, a very small proportion

4% = An insignificant minority, an insignificant proportion

16% = A small minority, a small portion

70% = A large proportion

72% = A significant majority, A significant proportion

89% = A very large proportion


结尾段

小作文的结尾就是对主体段的数据分析进行一个总结,需要注意的是不要重复之前描述过的内容。

最好不要加入自己的观点,选取图表中显示的内容作一般性陈述即可。


总结

In conclusion,…

Overall…

To summarize,…

It indicates that…


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