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托福阅读插入题分析

发布时间:2017-03-24 22:55:00 关注量:905次

托福阅读题型当中,插入题一道。这种题目注重考察学生对句与句之间的逻辑关系判断,这种题目虽然不是很难,但其中的一些较为复杂的逻辑关系会让考生难免失分。在解答托福阅读插入题,首要任务就是要找到线索词:

①如果要插入的句子中有代词,那么我们就可以根据代词的单复数等性质找到它指代的内容,再插入到该句之后。

②如果要插入的句子中的线索词是名词,它就是我们的线索词。

③如果要插入的句子中是有一些表示因果、转折等各种逻辑关系的逻辑词,如however/but…    thus/accordingly …等,那就看上下句的逻辑关系。我们以下面这两道题为例

Most of them like to talk, especially in front of a group.

Kindergarteners are quite skillful with language. ▇Providing a "sharing time" gives children a natural opportunity for talking. However, many will need help in becoming good listeners. ▇Some sort of rotation scheme is usually necessary to divide talking opportunities between the talkative and silent extremes. ▇Teachers can provide activities or experiences for less confident children to talk about, such us a field trip, a book, or a film. ▇

解析:插入句中有代词,遵循规律1,只有A和C前面提到了人,而A相较于C,意思上更合适
所以答案为A

However, the ground surface is spongy and wet to the touch.

Bogs are a distinctive type of wetland. ▇They appear relatively dry, with only small amounts of shallow water visible. ▇The surface material is largely sphagnum moss or other organic matter rather than mineral soil. ▇Bogs are usually characterized by evergreen trees and shrubs and are underlain by deep peat deposits. ▇Bogs will develop in former glacial lakes by the gradual accumulation of organic matter falling from beneath a floating mat of vegetation advancing out over the water.

解析:插入句中有表示逻辑联系的词However,遵循规律3,前文与之相反,句中提到的是wet,前文应提到dry
所以答案为B

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