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2023年高考英语:读后续写太难?名师教你突破高分!

发布时间:2020-09-18 关注量:595次


2023年高考英语:读后续写太难?名师教你突破高分!


“读后续写”作为一种全新的高考英语题型,对于学生的语言综合运用能力的考查都提出了更高的要求。


那么,怎样才能写出生动形象、内容具体的续写部分?


今天通途英语雅思名师带你从头分析,突破高分!


写出高分好文章的第一步:了解续写作文的模式!


读后续写要求

在阅读一篇350词左右的记叙文片段后,接续完成两个段落。

要求接续部分要与原文的主题或作者本来意图、与原文的体裁结构、写作手法、语言特点及叙事风格保持一致。


如何应对

在开始写作前,我们必须对给出的原文有深入理解。

而由于同学们已经习惯于答题式的阅读,所以当没有具体问题引领自己去找文章的主体脉络和细节时,便毫无头绪。


下面,就以同一篇文章分析一下阅读理解与读后续写的做题差别:


Mrs. Packletide intended to shoot a tiger. Not that the desire to kill had suddenly come to her, or that she felt she would leave India safer with one wild beast less. It was because Loona Bimberton had recently taken a plane to the forest and killed a tiger, and the newspapers showed photographs of Loona Bimberton with a tiger-skin on. In a world supposed to be moved by hunger and by love, Mrs. Packletide’s movements were largely governed by dislike of Loona Bimberton.


Circumstances proved favorable. Mrs. Packletide had offered a thousand rupees for the opportunity of shooting a tiger without risk or effort, and it happened that an old tiger was frequently coming to a neighboring village at night. He was so old that he couldn't kill animals in the wild and just satisfied his appetite with the smaller household animals.


The villagers were eager to earn the thousand rupees; children were posted night and day in the jungle to watch the tiger, and the cheap goats were left to keep him from going elsewhere. The one great fear was that he should die of old age before the day of Mrs. Packletide's shoot.


The great night arrived. A platform had been built in a tree, on which sat Mrs. Packletide and her paid companion, Miss Mebbin. A goat with a loud bleat was tied down at the correct distance. With an accurate gun, they waited for the coming of the tiger.


Then appeared the old tiger. He saw the goat, and lay on the earth for a short rest before attacking.The gun fired very loudly, and the great yellow beast jumped to one side and then rolled over in the stillness of death. In a moment a crowd of excited villagers appeared on the scene, and their shouting carried the glad news to the village……


1. Mrs. Packletide planned to shot a tiger because she _________

A. would leave India safer

B. hated the wild animal

C. admired her good friend

D. disliked a certain person


2. What did Mrs. Packletide want the villagers to arrange for her?

A. A platform in a tree

B. A paid companion.

C. An accurate gun

D. A safe shooting


3. The Indian villagers were afraid that the tiger might _________

A. eat their goats

B. kill their kids

C. die of old age

D. attack them at night


针对两种不同题型的做题思路分析:


a. 阅读理解:

通过题干定位,重点阅读标红色的句子即可,不需要去思考文章脉络或分析几个出题句之间的逻辑关系。


b. 续写练习:

没有了题干的引领,同学们或许只能看到文章中讲述的大概事件, 而续写需要识别更多的细节来支撑。所以这就需要同学们做到精确、深度的理解句子的意义和作用,甚至是段落之间的关系!

那么,针对续写的阅读部分可以给大家两点建议:


利用碎片时间做一些精读练习

所有准确快速的阅读都是通过大量的精读换来的,精读能让我们深度的理解句子,进而能理解句间甚至段落间的关系,也是最高级别的阅读理解。

续写的文章要读两遍,一遍用来抓主旨,一遍用来找细节

以段落为单位,分析该段内的内容是如何服务于主旨的。

或者可以提问自己,作者在讲述故事的过程中为何会提到这个细节?通过对细节的把握与分析,了解作者的用意。

同时将细节部分巧妙的融合在每个段落中,从而准确把握主题,才能达到真正的续写要求,而并非单纯的“写”!


在写作中还有哪些问题需要注意?


在写记叙文时遇到情节较简单、人物较少的文章时,同学们很容易出现句子主语重复的问题,这是很影响评卷人阅读感受进而影响拿分的。


下面来结合范文段落说一下这个问题,

例:

Soon summer vacation came, and no student was more delighted than Reuben.

All summer long, despite chores at home, Reuben kept to his secret task.

Every day he would scout the town, collecting the nail sacks.

Then soon fall arrived, and the winds from the bay were cold and gusty.

Reuben wandered around the streets, diligently searching for his treasures.

Often he was cold, tired and hungry, but the thought of the object in the shop window sustained him.

Finally clutching the tin can, he headed for the shop, where the shopkeeper placed the parcel in Reubens hands.


范文分析:


1) 在这篇文章中主角只有这个男孩Reuben,通过分析可以发现,范文中用了分词的结构来避免主语的重复(collecting & searching)。


2) 第三句还添加了对环境的描写,不但突出了Reuben的执着和对母亲的爱,也丰富了段落内句子的主语。


3) 最后一句,有doing作状语,也有where引导非限定定语从句,也是很值得大家借鉴的好句子。


最后,要提升句式的丰富性,足够的写作细节是关键,但也要求同学们有主动尝试复杂结构的意识。

开始或许会出错或者句子不够灵活比较生硬,但经过几次修改之后就会变得越来越生动准确了。




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