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2017年3月25日雅思大作文--现代教育里教师还有用处吗?

发布时间:2017-04-17 15:56:00 关注量:1607次

In the past, the main role of the teacher was to provide information. Today, however, students can get access to a wide range of information. Therefore, some people think there is no role for the teacher in the modern education. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

在现代社会,学生获取信息的渠道很多,那么老师还有什么用?这个题目,各位烤鸭是不是觉得很熟悉?现在有一种观点,有了网络,我们简直无所不能,其他什么都不需要了:不需要去商店了,不需要博物馆了,不需要旅游了,不需要坐车去上班了,不需要学校了,不需要老师了......这些观点在雅思考试作文中都出现过:

2016.8.4
Some people think it's necessary to travel abroad to learn about other countries. However, other people think that it is not necessary to travel abroad because all the information can be seen at TV and the Internet.Discuss both opinions and give your own opinion.
【不需要旅游了】

2014.10.18
It is not necessary to travel to other places to learn about other cultures. We can learn from books, films and internet. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
【不需要旅游了】

2014.4.26
People can work and study on the Internet without going to school or the company. Do the advantages outweigh its disadvantages?
【不需要去上学,不需要去上班了】

2013.7.18
In modern society, it is possible to go shopping, work and communicate via the Internet without face-to-face contact with one another. To what extent do you think this is a positive or negative development?
【不需要去购物,去上班,面对面交流了】

2012.1.12
Some people think government should build public libraries in every town. Others believe it is a waste of money because we can get information via internet at home. Discuss both views.
【不需要图书馆了】

2010.12.4
Museums are getting less important, when people can have access to information on the Internet. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
【不需要博物馆了】

2010.5.15
Some people think that computers and the Internet are more important to a child's education than going to school. However, others believe that schools and teachers are essential for children to learn effectively. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.
【不需要学校和老师了】


不难看出,这些题目有一个共同思维模式:有了网络(书、电视),我们就可以获取各种知识和信息,因此传统的那些知识和信息传播方式都可以抛弃了。

那么,就这类题目,我们应该看到双面性:一方面,现代信息科技的确丰富了我们信息获取的路径,让信息获取变得更加便捷容易,但是信息科技并不能取代学校、图书馆、博物馆,乃至旅游、购物,原因有三:
(1)网络信息庞杂,来源不明,以讹传讹很多,因此不是很可靠(unreliable);
(2)网络信息零碎(fragmented),流于肤浅(superficial),因此不是很系统(systematic);
(3)网络毕竟是冷冰冰的技术,缺乏人与人交流的温度(warmth),而实地旅游、购物、上学、上班、去博物馆、图书馆会带来一种人际体验(interpersonal contact),而人际体验是我们人生的重要组成部分(interpersonal contact is an important part of our life’s experience)。

7分范文
Nowadays it is not uncommon to see a teacher lecturing laboriously with some students fixing their eyes on their laptop screen or smartphone and others sleeping. The reasons for this pathetic situation are varied, one important being that, with more sources of information at hand, students do not have to rely on their teachers as much as before for things they want to know. While this is certainly true in a sense, I still hold that the teacher does have a role to play in modern education.

现在,这种现象一点也不罕见:老师卖力地讲,可是一些学生紧盯着自己的笔记本电脑屏幕或智能手机,另一些学生则睡觉。造成这种可怜状况的理由多种多样,其中一个重要原因是,学生们手头有更多的信息渠道,因此不再像以前那般依靠老师来获取他们想知道的东西了。虽然在某种意义上这无疑是正确的,但我依然认为在现代教育里,教师还是有用武之地。

解析
(1) 本段先描写现象,然后提出自己的观点。提醒高分段学生:开头句不要满足于提出现象,要培养用具体词汇,具体场景来描写现象的习惯和能力。比如本段开头若这样写,效果就会差很多:Now as students have more and more sources of information, the teacher does not seem to have a role in modern education. However, I don’t think this is true. 有读者可能问:为什么这样写不容易得高分呢?原因就是这样写显示不出语言使用的灵活性,而高分段作文必须显示出语言的创造性和灵活性。提醒一句,语言的创造性和灵活性不是大词或者复杂句(虽然一定幅度的词汇,一定的句式变化很重要),而是写出新鲜而具体的内容。
(2) ...is not uncommon ......不罕见
(3) laboriously 费力地;辛劳地
(4) pathetic 可怜的
(5) varied 多样的;不同的
(6) at hand 在附件的;在手边的
(7) rely on 依赖

In the first place, Internet, along with other similar non-human sources, isfar from perfect as a source of information and knowledge. For one thing, information on Internet may be unreliable, or even incorrect. A friend of mine recently got into serious trouble because she obtained an article from Internet and gave it to her supervisor,only to find later that the article was about Australia, rather than Austria as she had originally expected. For another, knowledge from the Internet is often incomplete and fragmented, but what students need is really something more systematic so that they can obtain a comprehensive picture of an academic field. A student who mainly depends on the Internet for knowledge mayend up aJack of all trades but master of none.

首先,作为信息和知识之源,网络(以及其他类似的非人类源)远非完美。其一,网络上的信息可能不可靠,甚至不准确。我有位朋友最近惹了大麻烦,因为她从网上获得了一篇文章,然后交给了导师,却发现那篇文章是关于澳大利亚的,而不是她原先期待的奥地利。其二,来自网络的知识经常不完整,碎片化,而学生真正需要的是更系统化的东西,这样他们才能完整了解一个学术领域。主要依靠网络来获取知识的学生结果也许会成为一个什么都懂却什么都不专的人。

解析
(1)本段分析把网络作为信息和知识源的问题所在,提出了两个原因:首先,网络信息不可靠;其次,网络知识不完整。两个原因用for one thing... For another...来连接。
(2)in the first place 首先
(3)far from 绝非
(4)For one thing... For another... 其一,......;其二,......
(5)..., only to find... 却发现......
(6)fragmented 碎片的
(7)systematic 系统的
(8)comprehensive 完整的
(9)end up 最终变成......
(10)jack of all trades, master of none 什么都懂,什么都不专

But even if the Internet and other similar sources provide information as accurate and systematic as the teacher does in class, I still do not agree that they can supersedethe classroom teaching. After all, going to school is not just about obtaining information. It is more of an experience. Compared with the “cold” and “indifferent” Internet, the communication with teachers in classroom often carriesa tinge of human warmth and that personal feeling is sometimes even more important than the knowledge itself and becomes part of our memory of school life.

即使网络和其他类似源提供的信息与老师在课堂上教的一样准确和系统化,我依然不同意它们可以取代课堂教学。无论如何,上学并不仅仅是获得信息,上学更多的是一种经历。与“冰冷”而“漠然”的网络相比,在课堂上与老师的交流经常自带一丝温情,而这种个人化的情感有时候甚至比知识本身还重要,并变成我们学校生活的记忆。

解析
(1)本段是从正面讨论老师的位置不可取代。当然,老师的作用绝不仅限于面对面交流时的亲切感和个人感,还可以给学生提供精神榜样等,但雅思作文不是写论文,只要写出足够言之成理的东西即可,不需要面面俱到。
(2)supersede 替代;取代
(3)after all 无论如何;毕竟
(4)indifferent 漠然的;不关心的
(5)a tinge of 一丝

So, in terms of knowledge-based education, the Internet and other sources do facilitate our access to information (though sometimes inaccurate and incomplete), yet when it comes to experience-based education, which I think is more essential, there is always an important role for the teacher to play.

因此,就基于知识的教育而言,网络和其他信息源的确有利于我们获取信息(虽然有时候不准确,不完整),但当谈及基于经验的教育(我认为这个更关键)时,老师的作用总是很重要的。
解析
(1)本段结尾,总结全文观点,再明确提出自己的立场。
(2)in terms of 在......方面
(3)facilitate 加快;有利于
(4)access 获取;进入
(5)when it comes to... 当谈到......
(6)essential 重要的,关键的

本文是由沈阳雅思培训通途国际英语的Lorraine老师为大家总结的,希望对小伙伴们的雅思备考有所帮助,更多精彩内容欢迎访问通途国际英语雅思频道。