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雅思听力多选题的出题思路及解题技巧!

发布时间:2020-01-20 13:44:08 关注量:1150次


雅思听力多选题的出题思路及解题技巧!


备考雅思的同学们都能发现,多选题是雅思听力近两年来出现频率较高的一种题型,在考试中所占的比重约达10%。

由于多选题的内容在音频中出现的信息量大且集中,加上一些选项与音频中所说的内容似是而非,导致考生对这种题型望而生畏,只能凭感觉猜题。


那么,该如何拨开迷雾呢?

本文将以多选题的出题思路、选项特点、与解题技巧进行深入的讲解,希望帮考生们拿下这10%的分数。



一、出题思路

纵观剑桥历年真题的多选题,可以发现题目的提问方式主要包括以下几种情况:

利与弊的讨论、时间的区分、因果关系、包含与否、行为方式和重要细节。


1. 利与弊的讨论

What TWO disadvantages of the questionnaire form of data collection do the students discuss? (C4T2S3) 

What TWO advantages does the speaker say Rexford University has for the students he is speaking to? (C5T3S2)


2. 时间的区分

What TWO types of coursework are required each month on the part-time course? (C5T1S3)

Which THREE topics do this term’s study skill workshops cover? (C6T4S3)

Which THREE attractions can you visit at present by train from Trebirch? (C6T2S2)

Which TWO activities can students do after the tour at present? (C8T1S2)

Which TWO facilities in the district of Devon Close are open to the public at the moment? (C8T3S1)


3. 因果关系

Which TWO reasons does Jeannie give for deciding to leave some college clubs? (C8T43)

Which TWO factors reduce the benefits of shark nets? (C4T4S4)


4. 包含与否

Which TWO things are included in the price of the tour? (C5T1S1)

Which TWO of the following are offered free of charge at Shore Lane Health Center? (C9T4S1)

Which THREE things can students have with them in the museum? (C8T1S2)

Which THREE topics does Sandra agree to include in the proposal? (C8T1S3)


5. 行为方式

In which TWO ways is Dan financing his course? (C8T4S3)

Which THREE things can the general public do to help the charity Pedal Power? (C5T2S2)


6. 重要细节

Which TWO pieces of information does the speaker give about the fitness test? (C9T1S2)

Which TWO achievements of Antarctic Treaty are mentioned by the speakers? (C7T2S3)

Which TWO facilities did the students request in the new Union Building? (C4T3S4)

Which TWO security measures have been requested? (C4T3S4)

Which THREE of the following problems are mentioned in connection with 20thcentury housing in the East End? (C6T1S4) 



二、选项特点


1.选项的数量

多选题主要可分为五选二和七选三两种情况,极少出现七选二。与单选题相比,两道单选题有六个选项,三道单选题有九个选项,多选题反而少了一两个干扰信息。


2.选项的长短

多选题可以分为短选项和长选项。一般,大部分短选项都会在音频中出现,长选项的内容有一些会出现在音频中,另一些则被音频中的同义词替换。


3.选项的内容

多选题可以分为同类项和相反项。同类项,指的是结构类似或选项中有重复出现的单词。相反项,顾名思义,即意思相反的选项。 



三、解题技巧

根据笔者之前所述,多选题的提问方式比较固定,故考生们在平时的练习中应该加强对上述出题思路中所讲的考点词汇的敏感度,只有先抓到了问题中的关键词,才能定位答案所集中的段落。


1. 合并同类项

考生们在审题时要学会找差异,选项中有重复出现的单词可归为一类,即合并同类项,然后重点关注其他相异部分,因为出题点往往就落在这里。

如C6T4S3, 选项A和F中均有Internet, 选项C和G中均有library, 选项BDE中均有dissertation。显然,A和F, C和G, BDE中分别有一个正确答案。


2. 并列原则

由于多选题自身的特点是答案多,所以选项中的内容在音频中的出现往往会通过连接词进行连接,即音频中讲完一个答案后,在讲下一个信息前常常会有明显的过渡词。

所以,考生们在听音频时还要注意听并列词,以便更好地定位目标信息。


3. 同义转换原则

由于多选题的大部分选项在音频中均会出现,且干扰选项往往听得非常清楚,所以很多考生会条件反射误以为听到了答案,而正确选项则由于其在音频中或多或少地被同义词替换,导致考生听不到或听到了但没听懂。


4. 排除法

当正确选项中的内容在音频中没有听到或者听到了但没有听懂,可以利用题目的隐含意思或其他选项在音频中的关系,灵活应用排除法,如C5T1S1, 题目问的是旅游价格中包含了哪两项活动,当听到需要花钱的选项ACE后,即可轻松选出正确选项BD。


5. 求同存异

当长选项中的关键词与音频中的关键词相同时,此时应当把注意力集中在其他相异的部分,如果相异的部分所表达的内容也一致,那就是正确答案,如果相异的部分表达的内容无关或者相反,则是陷阱。




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