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雅思阅读 | 判断题易错题解析

发布时间:2020-01-15 13:44:46 关注量:2332次


雅思阅读 | 判断题易错题解析


判断题被公认为雅思阅读的基础题型,但基础题型是否代表其难度就一定简单呢?

这里的“基础性”其实指的是该题型考察的频繁性和广泛性。

在一场考试中出现两篇文章考察判断题也不足为奇。而同样的题型,在第一篇和第三篇的难度是截然不同的。

因此,学生在备考雅思阅读时,应该对判断题加以重视,而不要因为其属于基础题就对其放松警惕。


本文摘取部分来自剑13和剑14的部分易错判断题,通过对每一题的解析,剖析判断题的难点和重点。


C13T1P1 Case Study: TourismNew Zealand website


The website was set up toallow both individuals and travel organisations to create itineraries andtravel packages to suit their own needs and interests.


题目:The websitewww.newzealand.com aimed to provide ready-made itineraries and packages fortravel companies and individual tourists.


答案:FALSE

此题的错误点是在ready-made, 这个单词的意思是“现成的,预先做好的”。但根据原文,网站是让个人和公司自己制定行程。此题除了再次表明词汇量的重要性外,也说明判断题考察之细致,考生对于题干中的实词所表达的含义要逐一核实。



C13T2P1 Bring Cinnamon toEurope


Over time, the supply ofcinnamon trees on the island became nearly exhausted, due to systematicstripping of the bark. Eventually, the Dutch began cultivating their owncinnamon trees to supplement the diminishing number of wild trees available foruse.


题目:The trees plantedby the Dutch produced larger quantities of cinnamon than the wild trees.


答案:NOT GIVEN

此题比较容易错选TRUE. 有的学生看到了原文中diminishingnumber of wild trees. 觉得野外的树数量减少了,所以产出的cinnamon就比种植的要少。

做判断题一定要注意原文和题干中的描述是否一致,以及逻辑是否成立;

文中说的是wild trees少,题目说的是cinnamonquantities 少,数少能否一定推导出产出的果实就一定少?如果不一定的话,答案就是NOT GIVEN.



C14T1P3 Motivational factorsand the hospitality industry


While it seems likely thatemployees’ reactions to their job characteristics could be affected by apredisposition to view their work environment negatively, no evidence exists tosupport this hypothesis (Spector et al.,2000).


题目:Research hasshown that staff have a tendency to dislike their workplace.


答案:NO

此题容易错选YES,有的同学找到了三组替换:predisposition-tendency,view… negatively-dislike, work environment-workplace 所以就非常自信的认为是YES, 但殊不知他们忽略了题干中的主语和谓语Research hasshown that…原文的第二行后半句说no evidence exists tosupport this hypothesis…既然没有证据,就说明不可能有实验会得出这个结论,因此答案时NO



C14T4P2 Why zoos are good


In addition to this, thereis also the education that can take place in zoos through signs, talks andpresentations which directly communicate information to visitors about theanimals they are seeing and their place in the world. This was an area wherezoos used to be lacking, but they are now increasing sophisticated in theircommunication and outreach work.


题目:Zoos have alwaysexcelled at transmitting information about animals to the public.


答案:FALSE

此题考查的点是很多同学都会忽略的一个单词:always. 原文第二行的communicateinformation to visitors 替换了题干中的transmitting informationabout animals to the public. 但后文紧接着说This was an area where zoosused to be lacking, 说明在宣传上动物园并不是always做得很好。所以是FALSE.

此题除了提醒我们判断题考察的点越来越细之外,考生也要注意判断题中出现表示时间的单词或短语,如: as soon as,immediately, now等等;



C14T4P3


Striking, Rochman says, onlyone well-designed study failed to find the effect it was looking for, aninvestigation of mussels ingesting microscopic plastic bits. The plastic movedfrom the mussels’ stomach to their bloodstreams, scientists found, and stayedthere for weeks- but didn’t seem to stress out the shellfish.


题目:One studyexamined by Rochman was expecting to find that mussels were harmed by eatingplastic.


答案:TRUE.

此题很容易错选FALSE. 有的学生看到原文第一行..failed to findthe effect…, 以及最后一行… but didn’t seem to stressout the shellfish. 觉得eating plastic并没有harm mussels 所以觉得题干应该是错的。

但他们忽略的是题干中谓语动词是was expecting tofind.. 也就是说题干问的是研究是不是想要发现eating plastic 对mussel有害,并不是问它的结论对不对。


根据原文第一行…fail to find the effect it was looking for, aninvestigation of mussels ingesting microscopic plastic bits.一个研究mussels吃塑料的实验没有发现它正在寻找的影响。

那它想要找的影响是什么呢?根据后文塑料并没有harm mussels,说明这个研究确实想要发现eating plastic 对mussels有害。故答案是TRUE



小结:

根据对上述题目的分析,考生在做判断题时应注意以下几点:

1.除了定位词外的其他实词和修饰成分,都要一一核实,不能遗漏;

2.不能局部的找某些单词或句子的替换,就盲目地下结论。要对比原文和题干的逻辑关系和描述内容是否一致、矛盾后者两者并无联系;

3.注意题干中表达时间的单词和短语。




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